In 1978, Drs. Steptoe and Edwards used assisted reproductive technology (IVF) successfully resulting in the birth of Louise Browne. Ever since, this technology has not only helped women conceive in situations where is would not have been possible otherwise but has also laid bare the entire process of reproduction thus helping the scientists to understand the intricacies of this process better. Today, with Louise giving birth to a child, IVF has become a credible option for family building!
Who estimates that there are 60 – 80 million such couples all over the world suffering from infertility thereby making this condition an epidemic. Although there are no definite studies from India, it is estimated that it is affecting nearly 10-15% married couples from India and due to rapid modernization and increasing environmental toxins, the condition is on the rise. Nearly 27.5 million couples who are actively seeking children suffer from infertility. In the Indian society childlessness is viewed not just as a medical disorder but a social stigma because Indians marry early, traditionally have a stable family norm and have a desire to produce many children thereby producing an ever increasing demand for all kinds of therapies and interventions. Infertility management has therefore become an integral part of reproductive medicine in the country.
Many couples realize that they are unable to conceive after trying naturally for months or even years. When they seek assistance, their healthcare provider conducts simple tests to find out the cause for this problem. It has been seen that females are responsible for 30% of cases, 30% men and in 30% it will be both the man and woman. With many advancements in reproductive medicine, it is now possible to help nearly all couples who come to us.