What is Infertility?
Infertility is the inability to conceive by natural means, is a medical condition with high prevalence affecting nearly 10- 15% of married couples in India. Nearly 27.5 million couples who are actively seeking children suffer from infertility
It affects equally both MALE & FEMALE:-
- It is estimated that while female factor accounts for 40-50% of infertility among couples, infertility attributable to male factors is on the rise and constitutes 30-40% of infertility
- While there is a rise in the proportion of women in the reproductive age of 20-44years (14% increase estimated between 2010 to 2020) the increase is skewed towards those aged between 30-44 years (20% increase estimated between 2010 to 2020), who typically display lower fertility rates. This shifting demographic trend coupled with increasing contraceptive use and risk factor exposure is likely to drive further rise in the burden of infertility in India
Key Factors causing Infertility:
- Lifestyle factors: Increasing marital age, increasing number of working women, rising alcohol and tobacco consumption and rising levels of obesity
- Clinical factors: Increasing prevalence of medical conditions such as poly-cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), endometrial tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Studies also suggest that South Asian women have a poor ovarian reserve
- compared to Caucasian women, and are likely to suffer from the earlier onset of infertility and poorer outcomes from infertility treatment.
Southend Fertility and IVF offer comprehensive fertility Check Up – we call it as Fertility Quotient for MALE & FEMALE.
Know your Fertility
Tests for Female Fertility Quotient
Blood tests (performed on menstrual cycle day 2/3) –
- Anti - Mullerian Hormone (AMH)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Luteinising Hormone (LH)
- Estradiol (E2)
Ultrasound (TVS performed on menstrual cycle day 2/3)
- Antral Follicle Count (AFC)
- Ovarian Volume
Tests for Male Fertility Quotient
- Semen Analysis