Each couple who visits Southend Fertility & IVF is greeted by a dedicated counsellor who handholds them throughout their journey of an IVF cycle – from the first consultation with the specialist, the process of IVF to the final step of a successful conception.
The female partner is administered with the medications to stimulate the ovaries to produce several eggs. This is done in order to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. These medications are in the form of injections which are usually started from the second day of the menstrual cycle.
A vaginal ultrasound is conducted to measure the response of ovaries with regards to the number and size of follicles. Each follicle grows in size to mature and produces one egg. If the response of medication is good, the specialist administers hCG injection that triggers final maturing of the eggs for collection.
Egg collection is normally planned approximately 36 hours after the hCG injection. The procedure is performed using transvaginal sonography under general anaesthesia and on an average 8-10 eggs are collected from each ovary. Fresh semen sample/previously frozen sample from the male partner is collected on the same day.
After egg and sperm collection, the eggs are fertilized in the lab using the IVF procedure. The specialists examine the eggs on the following day for fertilisation.
The fertilized eggs hatch and develop into a collection of cells, known as an embryo. After two to three days of fertilisation of eggs, the best quality embryos are selected for the procedure. The embryo is transferred into the womb or the uterus using a thin plastic tube (catheter) guided by sonography. After the transfer, the embryo attaches itself to the uterine lining or endometrial lining. This is known as the implantation and it usually occurs within one to two days of the embryo transfer. The specialist may prescribe some medications to support the implantation. Once implantation occurs, it can be termed as a successful conception or pregnancy.